IND 1939 Worlds Fair Line

From nycsubway.org

A four-car train of R1-9 types on the World's Fair spur.


The contract for furnishing the block signal system defines all the equipment to be installed and tested for a continuous, seamless signal system from the 71st-Continental Avenues Station through Jamaica Yard to the World's Fair Terminal. The signal system consists of automatic and approach signals, home signals, train stops, switch machines, track circuits, relay cases, relay room and tower at the World's Fair Terminal and changes to the existing interlocking machine and model board at Jamaica Yard.

The contract drawing book comprises 99 pages and includes all drawings required to install the entire signal and telephone system, including all circuit changes required. The contract is very specific in its call for signal equipment manufactured and installed by the Union Switch and Signal Company: for example, the switch machines and train stop mechanisms are all to be operated pneumatically.

The contract drawings include General Signal Arrangements, which are single-line plans illustrating the track layout for the entire contract, including the control lines (defining the extent of unoccupied track to clear each signal), and Location Plans, which are double-line track plans showing all track equipment, including indicating which of the two running rails is the signal track circuit signal rail (heavy line) and which is the return (negative) rail for the propulsion current (to the substation). Also included are typical layouts of automatic, approach, and home signals, and a plan for the changes to be made to the Jamaica Yard tower model board for new Contact Rail Illuminated Indications.

Please see Understanding NYC Subway Single-Line Signal Diagrams for information on the notation used in the General Signal Arrangements.

Understanding the Contract

The Jamaica Yard lead tracks, which are designated D5 and D6, start on the lower level of 75th Avenue Station on the Queens Line. Before the World's Fair Railroad was installed, they continued over the Grand Central Parkway into Jamaica Yard, where track D5 ended at a bumper post before the yard storage tracks and track D6 forked into yard storage tracks 30 through 33.

Contract Drawing 7-6 shows the bumper post at the end track D5 removed and extended to the World's Fair Terminal. A turnout switch was installed on the storage ladder tracks to extend track D6 to the World's Fair Terminal. A crossover was installed to connect track D5 to D6. In the Jamaica Yard signals have a maximum (most permissive) signal aspect of yellow. Since track D5 and D6 become mainline tracks under the contract, all these signals are to be augmented to display a maximum aspect of green, for distant control. This is shown in Contract Drawing 7-6.

The curve in the subway section approaching the Jamaica Yard, which until the advent of the World's Fair Terminal was only used for yard moves, required additional safety for the mainline traffic now destined to that terminal. To that end, "two-shot" Grade Time (GT) control was added to the existing signals around the curve on track D6 to enforce an appropriate speed limit. The characteristic S aspect of this type of control was added to signal heads, and new trackside relay cases were installed, modifying a total of seven signals. Contract Drawings 7-2, 7-5 and 7-6 show the addition of the GT signaling.

With the installation of the additional turnout switch, crossover, GT signaling and extenuation of tracks D5 and D6 changes where required to the Jamaica Yard Tower Union Switch & Signal Model 14 mechanical interlocking machine and its model board, as shown on Contract Drawings 7-79 and 7-80.

Tracks D5 and D6 continue past the Jamaica Yard on their way to the World's Fair Terminal Station. Contract Drawings 7-3, 7-4, 7-7, 7-8, 7-9 and 7-10 show the tracks D5 and D6 and a middle track called track D7 before the World's Fair Terminal. Track D7 was used for storage of extra trains when the crowds at the World's Fair were heavy. The extra trains were brought out of the storage tracks to the platform tracks.

After the World's Fair

After the World's Fair, the terminal station, tracks D5, D6 and D7 were removed completely, and Jamaica Yard was reconfigured to its original layout. The seven GT signals remain in service today.

Contract Drawings

The large drawings are approx. 7000x3000 pixels and were scanned from sheets of approx. 11"x17" or 11"x22". Your browser may have trouble viewing them. Save them to your local disk and view them offline for best results.

The City Of New York, Acting by the Board of Transportation, Borough of Queens Contract No. 7 - Installation of Block Signaling, Interlocking, and Telephone Equipment Contract Drawings - June 21, 1938

Contract Drawing 7-2

General Signal Arrangement, Station 1607+00 to Station 27+66.36

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Contract Drawing 7-3

General Signal Arrangement, Station 27+66.36 to Station 78+50

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Contract Drawing 7-4

General Signal Arrangement, Station 78+50 to Station 108+53

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Contract Drawing 7-5

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 1606+00 to Station 6+50

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Contract Drawing 7-6

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 6+50 to Station 27+66.36

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Contract Drawing 7-7

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 27+66.36 to Station 46+50

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Contract Drawing 7-8

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 46+50 to Station 66+50

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Contract Drawing 7-9

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 66+50 to Station 86+00

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Contract Drawing 7-10

Signals, Signal Messenger, and Air Line Location Plan, Station 86+00 to Station 108+53.3

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Contract Drawing 7-15

Typical Layout of Automatic or Approach Signal at Fence, Section B-B

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Contract Drawing 7-21

Typical Layout of Home Signal at Fence, Section B-B

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Contract Drawing 7-60

Elevation Showing Details of Air Line and Messenger at East Side of Enclosures at South End of World's Fair Terminal Station

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Contract Drawing 7-79

Contact Rail Indicator Change, Jamaica Yard Signal Tower

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Contract Drawing 7-80

Illuminated Indicator Changes, Jamaica Yard Signal Tower

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Photo Gallery

Five Random Images

Image 2355

(266k, 1024x644)
Collection of: George Conrad Collection
Location: World's Fair Line

Image 71098

(187k, 1024x681)
Collection of: Joe Testagrose
Location: World's Fair Line

Image 75917

(198k, 1024x808)
Collection of: George Conrad Collection
Location: World's Fair Line

Image 114195

(328k, 1024x882)
Collection of: George Conrad Collection
Location: World's Fair (1939) IND Station

Image 132319

(204k, 1024x706)
Photo by: Ed Watson/Arthur Lonto Collection
Collection of: Frank Pfuhler
Location: World's Fair Line

Page Credits

By David M. Rosenthal. Thanks also to David for providing the diagram scans.

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